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The future of Brazil's technology in the hands of black women.

Introduction

In 2017, PretaLab conducted a survey that offered subsidies to reflect on the importance of stimulating black and indigenous women to increasingly occupy spaces in the areas of technology and innovation.

Data from different researches crossed this and other works of PretaLab with great intensity. So much, that led us to risk formulating an inviting hypothesis for black women in search of opportunities in the country, and for labor-deprived technology institutions to achieve their business goals:

The approach of these worlds can boost the technology sector in Brazil.


Black Women



On the one hand, black women occupy the most precarious positions of the labor market in the country, and fight for opportunities in which they can contribute to their development and the evolution of society.

Technology Institutions



On the other hand, technology professionals - mostly white young men - cannot fill all the vacancies in a sector that promises to revolutionize the country's way of working in the coming years.

Black women accumulate the worst social indicators in Brazil. At home, they are the ones who suffer most from violence and have the greatest responsibility for supporting their families. At work, they receive the lowest wages and have the highest unemployment rates. Their lack of representation is a problem not only for human rights and freedom of expression, but also for the technology and innovation ecosystem.

Open to self-taught education and in need of understanding the plural challenges of a population as diverse as Brazil's, the technology industry can leverage business by opening its market to black women. To them, PretaLab suggests the path of seeking information and professional training to enter this powerful and innovative universe.

We collect and organize data from various studies and researches that highlight the situation of black women in the Brazilian labor market. From that, trying to understand what is the perception of diversity that technology professionals have in the country, PretaLab joined ThoughtWorks and did a research on the subject: #QUEMCODABR.

Black women in the Brazilian job market

Echoing the slavery period in Brazil, the consequent abyss that separates whites and blacks in the country and patriarchy, we know that black women occupy the base of the socioeconomic pyramid of the Brazilian population.

Also with the lowest schooling rates and access to goods and services, the inequality of future opportunities impacts the situation of black Brazilian women in the labor market, as we can observe from the data available in several open surveys.

ABOUT EMPLOYABILITY

Black women have the highest unemployment rate in the labor market…

The unemployment rate * of black women (13.3%) is higher compared to white men, black men and white women (11.6%).

SOURCE: NATIONAL HOUSEHOLD SAMPLE SURVEY (PNAD, 2016).

… and they are also the most vulnerable to unemployment.

Black women's vulnerability * to unemployment is 50% higher.
For every 1 percentage point more in unemployment rates, black women experience an average increase of 1.5 percentage points.

SOURCE: BOLETIM MERCADO DE TRABALHO.

About work and income conditions

Black women are the people most subjected to precarious and informal working relationships...

39.08% of employed black women are in precarious working relationships. *
Black women are the largest contingent of professionals working without a formal contract.

SOURCE: WWW.PREVIDENCIA.GOV.BR.

... And they also receive the lowest wages.

In 2014, the income of black women (R$ 946.00) had not yet reached 40% of the income of white men (R$ 2,393.00).

SOURCE: WWW.PREVIDENCIA.GOV.BR.

Black women have the lowest monthly income among workers with higher education: R$ 2,918.27. On the top, there are white graduated men (R$ 6,702.00), followed by black graduated men (R$ 4,810.00), and white graduated women (R$ 3,981.00).

SOURCE: LOCOMOTIVA INSTITUTE (2017).

About occupation

In the formal labor market, there is a greater presence of black women in the following areas:

Education

teachers

HEALTH

nurses, caregivers

state

civil and military servants

others

domestic workers

SOURCE: BOLETIM MERCADO DE TRABALHO.

In the largest companies in the country, black women are concentrated in the lowest positions within organizations.

Black women fill 10.3% of functional positions, 8.2% of supervisory positions, 1.6% of management positions, and 0.4% of executive positions.

SOURCE: ETHOS INSTITUTE, SURVEY ON 117 OF THE 500 LARGEST COMPANIES IN THE COUNTRY.

Profile of technology professionals in Brazil today:
the research #QUEMCODABR

On the other hand, #QUEMCODABR, promoted by PretaLab, in partnership with Thoughtworks, collected data on the profile of technology professionals today in Brazil, between November 2018 and March 2019 (693 respondents valid in 21 Brazilian states, including the DF). 

According to the survey, the people who work in technology in the country today are mainly: men, whites, young people of middle and upper socioeconomic class who began their career in formal education centers.




Distribution by monthly household income

How did you start your studies?

Ensino formal

Autodidata

Na internet

No trabalho

Iniciativas sociais

Outro

Multiple choice question, total sum of answers above 100%.

Schooling

In a country with more than 13 million unemployed people (#QUEMCODABR, June, 2019), it is noteworthy that, since 2015, the technology sectors are among the ones that generate the most jobs.

There are many opportunities launched to the market every month and few professionals trained or enrolled in the selection processes.

There is an increasing demand to create diverse teams that know the challenges and behavioral journeys of Brazilians with plural characteristics.

THE TECHNOLOGY SECTOR CAN BE AN OCCUPATION AREA FOR BLACK WOMEN LOOKING FOR PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES.

Download the complete #QUEMCODABR survey conducted by PretaLab in partnership with ThoughtWorks

click here to download

Opportunities and prospects

As the sector also values self-taught education, it is interesting to pay attention to the vacancies that will be most competitive in the coming years, and seek training and information about them.

For the next years, automation and robotics shall replace some human activities, but new professions might emerge, and professionals shall shift from extinct activities to new ones.

Quantity of available vacancies

5,000

openings only at startups

70,000

new vacancies could be opened in 2019 if there were skilled labor

420,000

workers need to be hired to meet company goals by 2024

SOURCE: BRAZILIAN STARTUP ASSOCIATION (ABSTARTUPS) AT WWW.EM.COM.BR.

Types of vacancies available

 

software developers

 

e-commerce specialists

 

automation

 

machine learning

 

artificial intelligence

 

mobile internet

 

data analyst

 

innovation

 

capacity and training

SOURCE: FORBES BRAZIL. THE FUTURE OF JOBS REPORT OF THE WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM, 2018.

Together we are stronger

PretaLab is an initiative of Olabi, a social organization that works to bring diversity to technology and innovation, made possible with the support of the Ford Foundation in Brazil. If you would like to collaborate on any of these fronts or have other ideas, please contact us.

comunidade@olabi.co
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